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Stunning 30 Types of Succulents Plants in India

A garden is the epitome of beauty in a home. We have always strived to enhance its beauty by planting new ornamentals, bringing in new features, or arranging the plants to create symmetry or shapes. We strive to buy expensive plants or the newest ones available on the market so that we can increase the aesthetic appeal of our gardens. 

Well, succulents are the perfect plants that you can acquire for this purpose. These are a bit ‘unconventional’ plants as they grow mostly in arid conditions. But it’s those adaptations that they have acquired that give them that extra aesthetic appeal in your garden. Today we will be looking at different types of succulents plants.

What are Succulent Plants?

The word succulent originates from the Latin word sucus meaning “sap” or “juice” which refers to the juicy sap found inside thickened stems or leaves. Succulent plants have thick, fleshy, and swollen plant parts that satisfy the purpose of moisture storage in arid climates. To retain moisture, they possess various desert adaptations like thorns, modified stems, underground bulbs, etc.. The plant parts of succulent plants contain 85-90% moisture.

The contemporary world has been able to construe the aesthetic appeal that these marvelous plants have, and thus the thought of adding them to our gardens burgeoned in us. With that said we can look into different types of succulents plants.

Here are 30 different types of succulents plants to make your garden more attractive

Scientific name Echeveria elegans
Soil typeWell-drained sandy soil
Light requirementBright, indirect sunlight
Water requirementLow   

Coming at number 1 in the list of different types of succulents plants is the Mexican Snowballs. Echeveria elegans has tightly packed rosettes that give it a spherical shape and is the reason for its rather interesting common name (Mexican snowball). It’s best to grow the plant in small designer pots which adds an aesthetic touch to the plant.

Mexican Snowball | different types of succulents plants
Mexican Snowball
Scientific name Senecio rowleyanus
Soil typeWell-drained sandy soil
Light requirementFull to partial sun
Water requirementLow   

This unique trailing succulent which is native to Africa, has green beads instead of leaves. Caring for this plant is not easy and the plant can die if the light and water requirements are not met. They are best grown outdoors to provide partial sunlight. Overwatering should be avoided as it requires low water.

String of Pearls | different types of succulents plants
String of Pearls
Scientific name Sedum morganianum
Soil typeWell-drained sandy loam soil
Light requirementFull to partial sun
Water requirementLow   

Another beautiful succulent entering the list is Donkey’s Tail or Burro’s Tail. The highlight of the plant is the long trailing stems with fleshy blue-green leaves which produce a terminal pink to red flower in the summer. The donkey’s tail is an endemic species as it is found only in some parts of Mexico. It is best to grow them in a hanging position, with the trailing stems extending downwards. 

Donkey's Tail | different types of succulents plants
Donkey’s Tail
Scientific name Echeveria ‘Perle von Nurnberg’
Soil typeWell-drained sandy, or loamy soil
Light requirementBright full sunlight
Water requirementLow to moderate  

They have small, soft, triangular leaves that are rosette shaped and the arrangement makes the whole plant look like one giant fully bloomed flower. Although the leaves are grey, they turn pink and purple under the full sun. This succulents produces pink flowers with yellowish tints on the inside during the summer. 

Perle von Nurnberg - types of succulents plants
Perle von Nurnberg
Scientific name Euphorbia ingens
Soil typeWell-drained sandy soil
Light requirementDirect sunlight
Water requirementLow   

Although the plant resembles a cactus, Candelabra cactus is a flowering plant belonging to the Euphorbiaceae family (spurges). The flowers are produced during the spring through early summer and they open during the day and close at night. Globular, red, and delicious fruits are produced post-flowering.

Candelebra Cactus | different types of succulents plants
Candelebra Cactus
Scientific name Lunaria annua
Soil typeMoist soil
Light requirementFull to partial sunlight
Water requirementLow   

These biennial plants are best known for their silver-shaded, pearlescent structures that make them a stunning visual treat. These structures are called siliques as they do not qualify as true seedpods. These translucent, and disc-shaped seedpods are called moonpennies. The Silver Dollar plant produces terminal white or violet flowers in the spring.

Silver Dollar Plant |  types of succulents plants
Silver Dollar Plant
Scientific name Euphorbia mili
Soil typeWell-drained sandy soil
Light requirementFull to partial sun
Water requirementLow   

The Crown of Thorns was named so because of the thorns and the red bracts of the flowers that resemble the Crown worn by Jesus Christ during his crucifixion and his blood. Crown of Thorns is a year-round flowering plant that is very easy to care for. Some plants are found to have leaves with a reddish tint. 

Crown of Thorns | different types of succulents plants
Crown of Thorns
Scientific name Kalanchoe luciae
Soil typeWell-drained sandy loamy soil
Light requirementFull to partial sun
Water requirementLow to moderate  

The plant has flat, round leaves that form rosette clusters. It is the reason for the plant’s name being Flapjack or Paddle plant. The paddle-shaped leaves have a reddish-yellow coloring which looks golden when sunlight falls on them. So it is best to keep them in places where sunlight is present. Flapjacks are drought-tolerant succulents and are easy to care for. 

Flapjack Plant succulent plant species
Flapjack Plant
Scientific name Schlumbergera x buckleyi
Soil typeWell-drained loamy soil
Light requirementPartial shade loving
Water requirementLow to moderate  

Christmas cactus is also called ‘holiday cactus’ as they bloom during the holiday season which is the winter season. The segmented stems of this succulent are leaf modifications. The leaves are flattened and slightly serrated on each side and produce a terminal flower. The flowers are pink to white colored and bloom only during the winter season. Christmas cacti are epiphytic plants because they grow on moss-covered trees. 

Christmas Cactus succulent plant species
Christmas Cactus
Scientific name Kalanchoe blossfeldiana
Soil typeWell-drained sandy, or loamy soil
Light requirementBright sunlight
Water requirementLow  

Another plant in the list from the genus Kalanchoe after the flapjack plant. The Flaming Katy is also known by the names Christmas Kalanchoe, Florist Kalanchoe, and Madagascar widow’s thrill and is native to the Madagascar islands. The flowers of the plant have great variations in color like dark red, pink, oranges, and white. The flowers bloom in late autumn to early winter.

Flaming Katy -succulent plant species
Flaming Katy
Scientific name Kalanchoe tomentosa
Soil typeWell-drained sandy, or loamy soil
Light requirementFull to partial sun
Water requirementLow to moderate  

The chocolate soldier plant is infamous for its red-rimmed fleshy leaves. These Madagascar natives are also known as pussy ears or panda plants. They are very cute and are best for growing in groups. Chocolate soldier plants are extremely easy to maintain and will thrive year-round if planted indoors.

Chococlate Soldier Plant-  types of succulents
Chocolate Soldier Plant
Scientific name Haworthiopsis attenuata
Soil typeWell-drained sandy, or loamy soil
Water requirementLow   

One of the most commonly cultivated Haworthia species worldwide, the Zebra Haworthia is known for its horizontal white stripes on its leaves that give them their name. The short leaves form a rosette having a 6-12 cm diameter. The white markings are bands of white tubercles.

Zebra Haworthia - types of succulents
Zebra Haworthia

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Scientific name Beaucarnea recurvata
Light requirementBright indirect sunlight
Water requirementLow

The Ponytail Palm or the Elephant’s foot is an elegant flowering succulent belonging to the Asparagaceae family. They are smaller than regular palms and can reach up to 5 m in length. They have a thick bulging base (caudex) that makes the whole palm look like an elephant’s foot.

Ponytail Palm | different types of succulents
Ponytail Palm
Scientific name Graptopetalum paraguayense
Soil typeWell-drained sandy soil
Light requirementBright indirect sunlight
Water requirementLow 

The whitish-grey pointed leaves of the plant give it a creepy look, thus giving the name the Ghost plant. The greyish-white color is the residue of the plant that gives it a ghost-like appearance.

Ghost Plant |  types of succulent
Ghost Plant
Scientific name Kalanchoe diagremontiana
Soil typeWell-drained 
Light requirementBright full sunlight
Water requirementRegular irrigation required  

The Mother of Thousands is a succulent plant that has the unique ability to give rise to new plants from the plantlets that develop on the leaf margin. Due to this feature, the plant produces numerous offspring thus giving it its name. The plant parts contain a very toxic steroid known as diagremontianin.

Mother of Thousands | different types of succulents plants
Mother of Thousands
Scientific name Sedum rubrotinctum
Soil typeWell-drained sandy soil
Light requirementFull sunlight
Water requirementLow  

The name Jelly Bean plant refers to its short and fleshy leaves that resemble jelly beans. The leaves are green in color but a color change is observed from green to red. This is a protective adaptation in the plants in the summer months. It can grow in all types of soil except those that are poorly drained.

Jelly Bean Succulents | different types of succulents plants
Jelly Bean Succulents
Scientific name Tillandsia cyanea
Soil typeWell-drained soil
Light requirementPartial sunlight
Water requirementLow  

Although the Pink Quill only grows to a height of 10 inches, the pink bracts are relatively large and resemble ink quills thus the name. Apart from producing such beautiful structures, they produce beautiful small violet flowers attached to the bracts in spring and autumn.

Pink Quill | different types of succulents plants
Pink Quill
Scientific name Euphorbia trigona
Soil typeWell-drained loamy
Light requirementPartial sunlight
Water requirementLow  

This Central African native is also known as the Cathedral cactus. Having a resemblance to household sedges, the African Milk tree is a succulent shrub that has an upright stem and many lateral branches that grow upward. They have 5 mm long thorns that occur in pairs on the stem’s ridges. The leaves emerge from the space between two successive thorns. 

African Milk Tree | different types of succulents plants
African Milk Tree
Scientific name Sempervivum tectorum
Soil typeWell-drained sandy soil
Light requirementFull sunlight
Water requirementLow  

The name Hen and Chicks may sound a bit funny but the name is given because of the unique propagation system of the plant. The propagation is by offsets and because of this many offspring are formed around the mother plant resembling a flock of ‘Hens’ and ‘chicks’.

Hen and Chicks | different types of succulents plants
Hen and Chicks
Scientific name Aeonium arboretum
Soil typeWell-drained sandy loam soil
Light requirementFull to Partial sunlight
Water requirementModerate 

The Tree Aeonium is an invasive weed species in certain areas like in temperate Australia. They have upright and smooth stems that reach 2 m in height. At the end of the stem, the leaves form rosettes. The leaves are obovate-shaped with wedge-shaped edges. The inflorescence is conical and stretches 10 to 25 cm in length.

Tree Aeonium | different types of succulents plants
Tree Aeonium
Scientific name Agave parryi
Soil typeWell-drained sandy, loamy soil
Light requirementFull sunlight
Water requirementModerate   

Parry’s Agave is a slow-growing, succulent, perennial that grows in arid regions of North America. The leaves have dark brown or black spines that are present at the tip. Bright yellow flowers bloom on a 12-foot-long stalk emerging from the plant.

Parry's Agave | different types of succulents plants
Parry’s Agave
Scientific name Dudleya brittonii
Soil typeWell-drained sandy soil
Light requirementFull sunlight
Water requirementLow 

The Giant Chalk Dudleya has yellow leaves that form a rosette on the top of a red peduncle. There are numerous leaves at the base of the rosette and they are erect. The leaves have convex curvature below the middle but are flat above it. The leaves, when they age form red color.

Giant Chalk Dudleya | different types of succulents plants
Giant Chalk Dudleya
Scientific name Senecio crassissimus
Light requirementFull to partial sunlight
Water requirementLow   

Also known as the airplane, the propeller plant is a succulent plant that is native to South Africa. The grey-green leaves of the Propeller plant fold to form a central cavity resembling a boat. The flowers bloom during the summer. 

Propeller Plant | different types of succulents plants
Propeller Plant
Scientific name Opuntia humifusa
Soil typeWell-drained sandy soil
Light requirementFull sunlight
Water requirementLow 

Commonly known as the Devil’s Tongue or the Indian fig, the eastern prickly pear is the most popular prickly pear. Golden yellow colored flowers bloom from the margins of some segments which are amazing to watch.

Eastern Prickly Pear | different types of succulents plants
Eastern Prickly Pear
Scientific name Hylotelephium telephium
Light requirementFull sunlight
Water requirementLow    

The most peculiar feature of this succulent is the flowers that are held in dense heads and can be reddish or yellowish-white. Several different varieties differ in the color from purple to pink. The tubers can be cooked and consumed whereas the leaves can be eaten raw.

Autumn Joy Stonecrop | different types of succulents plants
Autumn Joy Stonecrop
Scientific name Delosperma cooperi
Light requirementFull sunlight
Water requirementLow   

The Hardy Ice plant is a dwarf, trailing, perennial, succulent plant that is a good addition to your garden both indoors and outdoors due to its ability to form a dense lawn with abundant flowers. They have linear and simple fleshy leaves and a herbaceous trailing stem that can grow 10-15 cm long. They produce a large number of pink or magenta flowers that cover the entire plant length.

Hardy Ice Plant | different types of succulents plants
Hardy Ice Plant
Scientific name Lithops spp.
Light requirementFull sunlight
Water requirementLow    

The meristem is present in the gulf between the leaves. The leaves are fenestrated with various shades of grey, brown, black, and red lines that ensure a rock-like appearance. The flower emerges from in between these fused leaves.

Living Stones | different types of succulents plants
Living Stones
Scientific name Aloe barbadensis miller
Soil typeSandy coastal and loamy
Light requirementBright light required
Water requirementRegular watering

Aloe vera is an evergreen perennial succulent herb that originated in the Arabian peninsula but grows well in tropical, semi-tropical, and arid climates. The Aloe leaves contain a polysaccharide gel called acemannan, that can be used to treat skin conditions like wounds, burns, rashes, frostbite, psoriasis, or dry skin. 

Aloe Vera | different types of succulents plants
Aloe Vera
Scientific name Dracaena trifasciata
Soil typeWell-drained soil
Light requirementIndirect light
Water requirementLow 

Also known as St. George’s sword or mother-in-law’s tongue, the Snake plant is a common house plant favored for its low maintenance and health benefits. They can be easily recognized by their upright sword-like foliage that resembles snakes, hence the name. The plant can tolerate low watering and in winter it requires only a single watering every 2 months. Apart from making your indoors attractive, the snake plant filters the indoor air, ridding the air of 4 major toxins that can cause diseases.

Snake Plant | different types of succulents plants
Snake Plant
Scientific name Crassula ovata
Soil typeLoose, rocky, and well-drained soil
Light requirementIndirect light
Water requirementModerate  

Money plant is a popular indoor plant considered a good luck plant and is an essential indoor plant. According to Feng Shui, money plants attract wealth, and gifting them is a sign of good luck. So, next time you plan on gifting something to your friends or relatives, the money pant is a very good option.

Money Plant | different types of succulents plants
Money Plant

So far we have looked at 30 different types of succulent plants and their features that can be a great addition to your garden. Glancing through this list, you can grasp the amount of uniqueness and diversity each of these plants have. Succulents are a group that has the most beautiful and special plants in the plant Kingdom. So try to get as many succulents as you can for your garden.

Shuhaib Sherief
Shuhaib Sherief

Hi! I am SHUHAIB, an Agriculture graduate . I am deeply honored to contribute my knowledge and skills to the betterment of the Agriculture sector. Passionate in disseminating information on Agriculture in the form of creative blog articles on the internet.

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