Different Types of Greenhouses for Your Garden

Have you ever seen a greenhouse in your locality? Why is a greenhouse used? Can we grow anything under a greenhouse structure? How many types of greenhouses are there? All these will be answered in this article.

Firstly, let us get introduced to what exactly is a greenhouse. These greenhouses are designed in a way whose features match the crop’s environmental requirements. Such structures have transformed over time as they provide an artificial environment for plants to grow under any climate condition.

Greenhouses can be of different sizes, ranging from small backyard models to extensive commercial installations, which are designed and created by specific requirements and conditions in a particular area. For those who grow plants, it is important to know the different types of greenhouses if they want to make the most out of their cultivation methods and increase production quantity.  If you are an amateur gardener or grow your crops on a commercial scale, then discovering the right greenhouse kind can change your cultivation approach for plants, as well as develop a very green place all year round where life can thrive.

In this article, the different greenhouses are discussed along with their specific details and features. In this article, we shall explore various greenhouses along with their features. Greenhouses that are required to be installed at specific climatic or local conditions will also be discussed.

Description : This classic greenhouse design features an “A” shaped peaked roof that provides ample headroom and efficient stormwater drainage.

Features :A-frame greenhouses are usually made of glass or polycarbonate panels, providing good ventilation and light distribution.

Ideal for : Hobbyists and small farmers with limited space looking for a simple yet effective greenhouse design.

Even Span Greenhouse- Types of Greenhouse
Even Span Greenhouse
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Quonset greenhouses are round or semi-circular in shape, reminiscent of a semi-cylinder. It has a curved design that provides strength and stability, this feature makes it suitable for windy or snowy conditions. They are usually made of plastic or polyethylene stretched over a metal frame. Commercial growers and growers seek a durable and cost-effective greenhouse solution in areas with harsh climate conditions.

Quonset Greenhouse
Quonset Greenhouse
  • Description  : Attached greenhouses are built onto an existing structure, such as a house or garage, and use walls for support.
  • Features : They are space-saving and cost-effective and benefit from sharing heating and electricity with outbuildings.
  • Ideal for: Homeowners with limited yard space or budget, and those looking for easy access to utilities.
Lean To Greenhouse - Types of Greenhouse
Lean To Greenhouse
  • Description  :Multi-panel greenhouses are made up of interconnected panels or sections, providing scalability and flexibility in size and arrangement.
  • Features :Suitable for a variety of crops and production methods, including hydroponics and vertical farming.
  • Ideal for :Commercial growers and research facilities require large production capacity and versatility in plant selection.
Multispan Greenhouse - Types of Greenhouse
Multispan Greenhouse
  • Description : These greenhouses have a series of roof ridges which are called sawtooth, as they resemble the teeth of a hand saw. 
  • Features :The sawtooth design helps maximize natural light penetration and allows for free movement of air making it ideal for hot regions. This greenhouse is usually constructed with materials such as glass or panels made of polycarbonate similar to a gothic arch greenhouse.
  • Ideal for :Commercial growers in the tropics need even distribution of light throughout the year as well as good ventilation.
Sawtooth Greenhouse- Types of Greenhouse
Sawtooth Greenhouse

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Description 

  Gothic vaulted greenhouses feature a pointed arched roof for excellent snow removal capabilities and structural strength.

Features 

 Curved design maximizes headroom and enables efficient air circulation. This greenhouse is usually constructed with materials such as glass or panels made of polycarbonate.

Ideal for 

 Growers in areas with heavy snow or strong winds, and those who value aesthetics and indoor space.

Gothic arch greenhouse

Description 

 Geodesic dome greenhouses have a spherical or hemispherical shape composed of interconnected triangles.

Features 

  Known for their strength and energy efficiency, geodesic domes provide excellent light diffusion and are ideal for extreme weather conditions.

Ideal for 

  Innovative growers interested in sustainable and futuristic greenhouse design, as well as growers looking for optimal energy efficiency.

Geodesic dome greenhouse
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Description 

 Hoop houses are characterized by curved roofs with metallic or PVC pipes bent into hoops providing support.

Features 

  They are quite economical to build and put up while at the same time protecting plants from adverse conditions and prolonging their growth period. Some of them can be covered with plastic film or greenhouse fabric.

Ideal for 

  Small-scale farmers or hobbyists who cannot afford expensive greenhouses but still need to protect their crops during winter months and extend the growing season through fall/spring temperatures.

Hoop house greenhouse

Description 

  Suspended greenhouses are elevated structures that hang from support beams or are suspended from ceilings, allowing plants to grow upside down.

Features 

  Suspended greenhouses save floor space and offer unique opportunities for unconventional plant cultivation.

Ideal for 

 Innovative growers experimenting with vertical gardening techniques and space-saving solutions for urban agriculture or indoor farming.

Suspended greenhouse

Description 

 Vertical gardens commonly refer to hydroponic systems that utilize high-rises, skyrise buildings, and shipping containers among others that accommodate stacked-up planters vertically.

Features 

  Vertical greenhouses help maximize land use efficiency thus being suitable in cramped urban areas. Some of these may exploit techniques such as hydroponic systems and aeroponics whereby plants grow without soil.

Ideal for 

  Urban gardeners, restaurants, and commercial growers are interested in maximizing productivity in limited space while minimizing environmental impact.

Vertical greenhouse - Types of greenhouses
  • Season Extension: Greenhouses allow growers to extend the growing season by creating a controlled environment insulated from external weather conditions. 
  • Climate Control: Greenhouses provide a controlled climate where temperature, humidity, and ventilation can be regulated to create optimal growing conditions. This would especially be needed in regions where extreme weather abnormalities is a problem to tackle. Construction of greenhouses in such areas will allow the crop to thrive and sustain
  • Protection from Pests and Diseases: Greenhouses offer a barrier against pests, insects, and diseases that can damage or destroy crops. By cultivating the crops in an enclosed structure, the infestation of pests would be reduced and also would improve the quality of the crop.
  • Optimal Light Exposure: Transparent coverings such as glass or polycarbonate panels allow sunlight to enter the greenhouse, providing plants with consistent and uniform light exposure.By optimizing the light exposure, the process of photosynthesis is improved which in turn will encourage healthy growth, especially in the areas where sunlight is a problem.
  • Water Conservation :Greenhouses reduce water consumption by minimizing evaporation and runoff. In the greenhouse, traditional irrigation such as borewell or manual irrigation would be a little difficult. To tackle this, one needs to opt for irrigation systems like drip or sprinkler irrigation that will allow even distribution of water by which water usage is minimized and this would also contribute to sustainability.
  • Improved Crop Quality and Yield: By providing ideal growing conditions, greenhouses enhance the quality, flavor, and nutritional value of crops. This cultivation process in a controlled environment will also contribute to an increase in the yield without any compromise on the quality. The demand for the produce grown in a greenhouse is typically higher than the ones produced through normal cultivation processes in the field.
  • Space Efficiency :Greenhouses allow for efficient use of space, particularly in urban or limited land areas where traditional farming may not be feasible. A hydroponic system can also be set up in specific types of structures that will help in utilizing all the existing space and thus contribute to resource efficiency.
  • Research and Innovation: Greenhouse structures are good entities to use for research of any crop cycle. Good research work can be carried out as the external environment has nothing to do with and the crop behavior patterns can be studied perfectly.
  • Localized Food Production: Greenhouses will offer great support in producing food in the local areas by enabling growers to cultivate a wide range of crops closer to urban centers and consumer markets. This localized food production will minimize the carbon footprint because the need for transportation is restricted and there is no cost incurred on fuel.

This is all about types of greenhouses. A wide range of greenhouses are available considering the flexibility in agriculture purposes and growing needs. Whether it involves prolonging the growing season, safeguarding crops from unfavorable weather conditions, or optimizing space utilization in urban areas, there exists a suitable greenhouse type for every cultivator’s preferences and objectives. Depending on the type of crop you prefer to cultivate and also the location you have chosen, the greenhouse might differ. Each greenhouse shall have a unique construction pattern and cultivation methodology that would not fit another greenhouse.

 However, the produce grown in a greenhouse would be of good quality as proper growth conditions are maintained and hence the environment is controlled to meet the crop requirements. But, the limitation here is greenhouse establishment is a bit expensive thing and might demand enough capital. Apart from the costs incurred for construction, the rest of the cultivation can be done within the budget. Once the construction has been set up, that would be a fixed cost for the long term and one can maintain the continuity in the cultivation.

Anumula Pravali
Anumula Pravali

As an agricultural graduate with a passion for gardening, I am deeply invested in the art and science of nurturing plants. With a commitment to promoting sustainable gardening practices, I advocate for eco-friendly approaches such as composting, water conservation, and organic pest control methods. Through my dedication to both theoretical knowledge and hands-on experience, I aim to inspire others to embrace the joys and rewards of cultivating their own green spaces. I have more than two years of experience in this field. This experience driven with my passion will keep me going and achieve a greater heights of understanding

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