First Vertical Farming Pioneer of Georgia: Meet the Farmer of the Future”

In today’s agriculture, innovation, and technological advancement are more crucial than ever .there might be numerous reasons for the improvement for example labor shortages and huge labor wages in some areas, expanding customer demands sustainability (sustainable agriculture), increased supplier prices and huge transportation costs for the produce, duration of the supply from farm to fork, etc many more factors are all providing significant challenges for the total global agricultural business, especially in developed cities.

As the world is dwindling with natural resources, rapidly increasing human population growth and global food security raise concerns. Many scientists, researchers, and young entrepreneurs are coming up with new innovative ideas and models. Human imagination is overcoming all boundaries and exceeding the limits of technological advancements just as converting deserts to Greenlands, growing plants in rocky mountains, space tourism, and even a trip to mars.


Tusya Gharibashvili, the creative young innovative agricultural entrepreneur Co-founded space farms in 2018. This innovative vertical farming project is based in Tbilisi, Georgia. Space farms have taken the concept of farming to a new level in Georgia.

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Tusya Gharibashvili a young innovative, agricultural entrepreneur & Co founder of ‘SPACEFARMS’ Georgia. source: spacefarms.ge


Space farms are indoor vertical farms where the facility grows vegetables and necessary edible flowers around 150 square meters approximately where the growing area is confined to 60square meters as the plants are grown vertically. For example, 10 square meters of space produces 3080 plants per month. space farms also provide full technical support and a wide range of consultation services to all those interested people in purchasing and growing their produce in the modular farms.

Company Space farms
Founder Tusya Gharibashvili
Founded year2018
locationTbilisi, Georgia.
Cultivation15 Types of Vegetables

Lets us know about Georgia

Georgia is a small country and has only 78,000 hectares of available land for agricultural production according to FAO food and agricultural organization of the united states. Most of the Georgia people follow conventional farming techniques and around 659,000 people are engaged in agriculture as their occupation.

Growing more plants, leafy greens with less ….


Growing more plants produced with less space, less water, and zero pesticides with the help of vertical farming projects. In these vertical gardens water usage is less than 75%, unlike the traditional farms. As the water is recycled and filtered just like the hydroponics for usage in the indoor farming system. 100% local produce, 90% less transportation,75% fewer fertilizers, and zero percent fewer chemical pesticides, the best part of this type of modular vertical growing farm is land usage is less than 80%.

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Space farms are installed exclusively for the Adjara group on the premises of an award-winning restaurant called café samba. The purpose of this installation is to provide the freshest and healthiest year-round vegetables, micro greens, and leafy greens required for mouth-watering delicacies and truly remarkable culinary experiences in the restaurant and the best part is they are grown meters away as per the requirement of the restaurant needs. Space farms are environmentally friendly and considerably reduce carbon footprint.


The space farms cultivate around 15 types of vegetables. The space farms grow different types of vegetables as per the chef’s requirement when there is any change in the menu to drive new tastes for a better customer experience.Space farms cultivate different types of vegetables in the past buttercrunch lettuce, Wasabi lettuce, pink Mizuna leaves, mustard greens, some types of microgreens, and edible flowers,”

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Microgreens and other crunchy leafy greens grown in space farms source: spacefarms.ge

Developing Effective Solutions Through Iterative Experimentation:


This farm has been built from the scratch. They were many mistakes, and challenges along the way. This equipment was imported internationally and installed by hand. The first step of any entrepreneur is experimentation so the space farms had gone through many experimentation cycles until they found a lightful result. From the research, they have created round clock mechanisms and these products are grown in a very clean environment.


Vertical farming is a cutting-edge agricultural technique that leverages advanced technology to optimize plant growth and yields. Some key features of vertical farming include:

Precise control over environmental factors:

  • Vertical farms utilize advanced technologies precise heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC systems) sophisticated sensors, and automation systems to monitor and adjust the temperature, humidity, light, and other conditions that impact plant growth. This enables growers to create a stable, controlled environment that maximizes yields and minimizes the risk of disease or pests.

Cloud farming:

Cloud farming is a smart solution that controls our database with regular new updates and guides to apply the best farming practices to maximize production. It also provides intelligent analytics with thinking quality assurance, safety, and flexibility to adapt and improve indoor farming on regular basis.

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Use of different innovative, sustainable technology for maximizing the production source: spacefarms.ge

Efficient use of resources:

Vertical farming is designed to use resources like water and energy as efficiently as possible. For example, hydroponic systems allow growers to use up to 90% less water than traditional farming methods, while LED lighting systems consume far less energy than traditional grow lights.

Customizable growing conditions:

Because vertical farms are fully enclosed and controlled environments, growers can tailor growing conditions to the specific needs of each crop. This can include adjusting nutrient levels, pH balance, and other factors that impact plant health and quality.

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year round crops grown in this vertical farming, with better water use and zero pesticides source: spacefarms.ge

Year-round production: Unlike traditional farms, which are subject to seasonal changes in weather and daylight, vertical farms can produce crops year-round. This enables growers to provide a steady supply of fresh, locally-grown produce to consumers, regardless of the season.

Reduced environmental impact:

By using fewer resources and producing crops closer to where they are consumed, vertical farming, and soilless farming can help reduce the environmental impact of agriculture. This includes lowering greenhouse gas emissions, reducing the use of harmful pesticides and fertilizers, and minimizing the need for transportation and refrigeration.

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Different light intensity used for the vertical farming models in space farms source: spacefarms.ge

Embracing the Beauty and Diversity of Every Season (All year round-every season):


We give our plants all the nutrients to grow in every season all year round. We always try to import innovations and provide our customers with new healthy vegetables full of micro and macro elements tusya says. It is one of the first vertical farms in the country and has the ambition of growing plants in space. Georgia grows more than 500 varieties of grape vines, and space farms’ ninth-millennium project aims to cultivate these plants on mars.


We experimented we took Georgia’s three most popular varieties and tried growing them in space farms we wanted to see if they would grow in enclosed farming spaces, where there is no natural soil or sunlight says Marika a senior researcher at the Georgian space research agency, says that grapevines are the best plants to grow in the mars-like environment. This is because they contain a variety of pigments that can withstand higher levels of ultraviolet rays present in space.

As the world continues to face the consequences of climate change, scientists and researchers are searching for innovative and sustainable solutions to address this global crisis. One promising solution is vertical farming, which not only helps reduce the carbon footprint of traditional agriculture but also allows for the cultivation of crops in limited space with smart agriculture.

Related article: Carbon credit market:  India’s First Organic Farmer Makes The Earth Greener And Gets Paid

Georgia-based Tusya and her team are pioneers in the research and development of vertical farming, using an automated system to produce high-quality crops all year round without the use of harmful pesticides. In addition, vertical farms have a reasonable rate of photosynthesis, making them effective at absorbing carbon dioxide and producing oxygen. As Marika explains, vertical farming, Controlled environment agriculture (CEA) has the potential to revolutionize agriculture and help us survive climate change on Earth.

But in the future vertical farming is not limited to our planet. Space Farms, a company dedicated to advancing human ambitions to live on distant planets, could prove to be a valuable tool in the fight against climate change and future colonization. With the possibility of humans living on the moon and Mars, Marika foresees the need for vertical farming on those planetary bodies.

The potential for space farming is limitless. Imagine a future where astronauts on the International Space Station or the moon can enjoy fresh Georgian grapes grown in a sustainable and controlled environment. But beyond that, space farming can pave the way for sustainable living in space and help us understand how to survive and thrive in harsh environments.

In conclusion, vertical farming, Controlled environment agriculture (CEA), and space farming offer promising solutions for our current climate crisis and future colonization efforts. With the dedicated efforts of researchers like Tusya and her team, the sky is not the limit for smart agriculture, sustainable agriculture, and living.

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Mukesh Darabakula
Mukesh Darabakula

Hello friends! My self Mukesh Darabakula, Graduate in International Horticulture. Blogging is My Passion and like to share new trends in global agriculture. I hope, my blogs help in bringing awareness, motivation and info about new technologies that can change the lives of Farmers and young entrepreneurs.
Happy Reading!

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